Molerats APT – also known as Moonlight, Extreme Jackal, and Gaza Hackers Team – have been active since 2012. They made headlines in 2012 when they conducted a cyberattack against Israeli government. The targeted nations expanded to include Palestine, U.S., and also the UK. Molerats is a politically motivated nation-state actor that is conducting cyber espionage using one new malware variant:
NimbleMamba uses the Dropbox API for both command-and-control as well as exfiltration, suggesting its use in highly targeted intelligence collection campaigns.
Molerats use Dropbox, Google Drive, and other legitimate services to drop spyware for cyber espionage against the Middle East.
They use content written in the Arabic language related to the Palestinian conflict with Israel which encloses a macro that can execute a PowerShell command for fetching malware.