The malware loader, Bumblebee, is used to download Cobalt Strike and perhaps other malware such as ransomware. It also replaces the BazarLoader backdoor, which is previously used to transmit ransomware payloads. This new malware is linked to a number of threat actors, including several well-known ransomware.
According to researchers, the appearance of Bumblebee in phishing attempts in March correlates with a drop in the use of BazarLoader for distributing file-encrypting malware.
Bumblebee is distributed in the form of ISO files that contain malicious DLL and shortcut files. It employs different techniques to avoid detection. It can determine virtualization environment processes to prevent operating on virtual machines. Banking information, password, and identity theft are the main impact of this malware.
Bumblebee malware is designed to download and run additional payloads in order to infect computers with other malware. Bumblebee can be used to inject information stealers, cryptocurrency miners, and other malware since it is designed to drop extra payloads. The C2 (Command and Control) server is where Bumblebee gets commands. It is used by the attackers to download and execute files directly, inject malicious DLLs, and create operating system persistence. This new malware is linked to a number of threat actors, including several well-known ransomware.
Bumblebee malware continues to evolve as its loader mechanism underwent a major transformation twice in the span of a few days, switching from using ISO format files to VHD format files containing a powershell script, then back. This is the finest example of how Bumblebee is always evolving.
According to researchers,
Similar to other sophisticated malware families like Trickbot, Bumblebee employs its own packer for both the threat itself and some of the samples it distributes on victims’ PCs, unlike other attacks that use third-party packers and off-the-shelf antivirus evasion tools.
In addition to giving Bumblebee operators more freedom to modify behaviour and add features, this also makes it possible to spot Bumblebee activity in the wild rapidly by using special custom tools.
source: Different Bumblebee samples drop identical payloads.