Sidewinder is a suspected Indian threat actor group that has been active since 2012. They have been observed attacking political, military, and corporate organizations throughout Asia, with Pakistan, China, Nepal, and Afghanistan being the most common targets. RAZOR TIGER, Rattlesnake, APT-C-17, and T-APT-04 are some of the other names for Sidewinder APT. This APT has been targeting Pakistani government officials with a decoy file related to NTC (National Telecom Corporation) in its most recent effort. They employ custom implementations to attack existing vulnerabilities and then deploy a Powershell payload in the final stages to distribute the malware. Sidewinder was also detected employing credential phishing sites that were copied from their victims’ webmail login pages.
Lazarus APT is one of North Korea’s most sophisticated threat actors, operating since at least 2009. Initially, they concentrated on South Korea. It has recently shifted its focus to worldwide targets and began initiating assaults for monetary gain. This actor has been linked to attacks in South Korea, the United States, Japan, and a number of other nations. Lazarus APT is suspected of being behind a number of diverse efforts, including cyberespionage, attacks on financial institutions, government agencies, and the military.
This group is said to be behind the wiper attack on Sony Pictures Entertainment in November 2014 as part of Novetta’s Operation Blockbuster campaign. Lazarus Group’s malware is linked to other known campaigns such as Operation Flame, Operation Troy, DarkSeoul, Operation 1Mission, and Ten Days of Rain.
Gamaredon is a Russia-backed advanced persistent threat (APT) that has been operating since at least 2013. The main goal of this APT is to use the malicious document to gain control of the target machine. The exploit document uses the template injection technique to infect the victim’s computer with further malware. When the document is opened, it connects to the hacker’s server and downloads the payload file. Gamaredon’s tools are simple and designed to collect sensitive information from hacked systems and propagate it further. Its information-gathering efforts are nearly comparable to those of a second-tier APT, whose primary purpose is to collect and disseminate information with their units.
Donot APT group has been actively dropping malicious samples and targeting Government users to exfiltrate data. The group has previously been active in the past and has now again shifted its focus to phishing campaigns. The group has a history of attacking Pakistani government officials and military personnel and has been linked to India. They previously targeted Pakistani users with android malware named (StealJob) was used to target Pakistani android mobile users by Phishing on the name of “Kashmiri Voice” The attackers hunt for confidential information and intellectual property. The hackers’ targets include countries in South Asia, in particular, the state sector of Pakistan.
APT MuddyWater – an Iran-based APT – has been operating since at least 2017. This APT group utilizes the common but efficient infection vector, spear-phishing, to perform their tasks. It has mostly targeted countries in the Middle East but also affected countries in Europe and North America. The majority of the group’s victims are in the telecoms, government (IT services), and oil industries. This group’s activity was formerly related to FIN7, however, it is now regarded to be a separate entity driven by espionage.
MuddyWater’s majority of attacks are based on social engineering. It lures its victims into activating macros so that would infect the targeted workstation. Once macros were turned on, the threat actor’s code would try to download a trojan from an adversarial payload command and control node.
According to U.S. and U.K. federal agencies, MuddyWater is conducting cyber espionage and other malicious cyber operations as part of Iran’s Ministry of Intelligence and Security (MOIS), targeting a range of government and private-sector organizations across sectors—including telecommunications, defense, local government, and oil and natural gas—in Asia, Africa, Europe, and North America.
APT-17 group aka BITTER APT group has been recently active and targeting sectors in South Asia for information theft and espionage. This group has a history of targeting Energy, Engineering, Government in South Asia. Spear phishing emails have been the main strike force to target their victims and they’ve been doing it for years now. Many BITTER victims have been exploited through relatively popular Microsoft Office exploit, in order to download and execute a RAT binary from a website. Although the attack vector of this sample remains unknown of yet, this is an indication of their presence again in the South Asian region.
This vulnerability allows remote attackers to disclose sensitive information on affected installations of Apple macOS ColorSync. User interaction is required to exploit this vulnerability in that the target must visit a malicious page or open a malicious file. A specific flaw exists within the parsing of ICC images. The issue results from the lack of proper validation of user-supplied data, which can result in a read past the end of an allocated buffer. An attacker can leverage this in conjunction with other vulnerabilities to execute arbitrary code in the context of the current process.