STRRat is a Java-based Remote-Access Trojan (RAT) with a slew of malicious features, notably information theft and backdoor capabilities. This RAT was first identified at the German cybersecurity firm in June 2020. This malware uses plugins to grant the attacker remote access. One of the key focuses of STRRAT is to steal credentials from web browsers and email clients. It specifically targets popular browsers such as Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Chrome, as well as email clients like Foxmail, Outlook, and Thunderbird. By capturing credentials through keylogging techniques, the RAT enables attackers to gain unauthorized access to users’ sensitive information.
Notably, starting from Version 1.2, STRRAT gained notoriety for its behavior resembling that of ransomware. It appends the file name extension .crimson to encrypted files, creating a sense of urgency and intimidation for victims. With the release of Version 1.5, STRRAT introduced enhanced obfuscation techniques and modularity, while retaining its core backdoor functionalities. These functionalities include collecting browser passwords, executing remote commands and PowerShell scripts, logging keystrokes, and more.
Also, this RAT can be used to run commands that let users upload files, download files, delete files, open files, restart computers, and carry out a variety of other tasks. Furthermore, users who have the STRRAT installed on their computers run the risk of experiencing issues with online privacy, surfing security, financial loss, identity theft, account lockout, system infection with further infections, etc.
Given the capabilities and evolving nature of STRRAT, it is essential for individuals and organizations to implement robust security measures, including up-to-date antivirus software, regular system updates, and user awareness training. By staying vigilant and adopting proactive security practices, users can help protect themselves against the threats posed by STRRAT and similar malware strains.