Stealc is a new malware that was first marketed by an actor named Plymouth on the XSS and BHF Russian-speaking underground forums on January 9, 2023. The malware is written in C and has capability to steal data from web browsers, crypto wallets, email clients, and messaging apps. It is also equipped with a customizable file grabber that allows buyers to tailor the module to siphon files of interest. Stealc implements loader capabilities to deploy additional payloads.
According to researchers, Stealc quickly established itself as a reliable threat actor, and its malware gained the trust of cybercriminals dealing with information stealers. The malware is being distributed through various vectors, including YouTube videos posted from compromised accounts that link to a website peddling cracked software.
“Since customers of the Stealc MaaS own a build of its administration panel to host the stealer C2 server and generate stealer samples themselves, it is likely that the build will leak into the underground communities in the medium term,”
SEKOIA predicts that the Stealc malware administration panel, which customers of the malware-as-a-service own, will likely leak into underground communities in the medium term. Antivirus vendor Avast lists Stealc as a new addition to the list of most prevalent stealer malware strains, which includes FormBook, Agent Tesla, RedLine, LokiBot, Raccoon, Snake Keylogger, and Arkei (along with its fork Vidar), during Q4 2022.
The discovery of Stealc highlights the ongoing threat posed by information-stealing malware and the importance of remaining vigilant against cyber threats. Individuals and organizations should take proactive steps like using strong passwords and two-factor authentication, regularly updating software and security tools, and being cautious when opening emails or downloading files from unknown sources. It is also important to use antivirus software and other security tools to detect and prevent malware infections.