Since 2019, Guloader has been in operation as a downloader. GuLoader spreads through spam campaigns with malicious archived attachments. GuLoader downloads the bulk of malware, with the most frequent being AgentTesla, FormBook, and NanoCore. The encrypted payloads of this downloader are usually saved on Google Drive. It also acquired its payloads from Microsoft OneDrive and an attacker-controlled website.
GuLoader can avoid network-based detection by using genuine file-sharing websites, which aren’t often filtered or inspected in corporate contexts.