Energetic Bear – aka Dragonfly, is a cyberespionage group active since at least 2011. They first targeted defense and aviation businesses, but in early 2013, they broadened their scope to include the energy industry. They have also targeted organizations that deal with industrial control systems.
Energetic Bear APT targets US government infrastructure, including private contractors, on a regular basis to collect intelligence. Its main purpose is to gather intelligence and steal intellectual property in the energy industry and aviation networks as well. Energetic Bear is known for employing a variety of attack methods, such as spear-phishing, waterhole attacks, and compromising genuine software packages.