BlueNoroff is a sophisticated Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) group that has been active since at least 2014. The group is believed to be based in North Korea and is linked to the Lazarus Group, another North Korean APT group. These threat actors are primarily focused on financial gain, with a particular emphasis on targeting banks and financial institutions. The group is known for using a variety of sophisticated techniques, including spear-phishing, malware, and network infiltration, to gain access to their targets.
One of this APT’s most notable attacks was the 2016 theft of $81 million from the Bangladesh Bank. The group also targeted various other banks and financial institutions in countries such as Mexico, Poland, and Vietnam.
The group has been known to use a variety of malware, including the Bankshot, Fallchill, and Hoplight families of malware. These tools are designed to provide the group with persistent access to targeted systems, allowing them to exfiltrate sensitive information and steal funds over an extended period.
BlueNoroff is believed to be closely linked to the North Korean government, and its activities are thought to be part of a broader state-sponsored cyber espionage and cybercrime campaign. The group is known for its sophisticated techniques and is considered to be one of the most significant threats to the financial sector.
In some attacks, BlueNoroff explores with more advanced adversary techniques to increase the effectiveness of bypassing Windows security capabilities and interrupting cyber defence operations.
Threat actors have been spotted utilizing numerous scripts, such as Visual Basic and Windows Batch, and applying ISO and VHD file types to spread infection. The group has taken use of image files to bypass the Windows MoTW flag and evade detection. The latter is a Windows security feature that alerts users when they attempt to open an unfamiliar or suspicious file obtained from the internet.