Amadey is a botnet, a type of malicious software that infects computers and turns them into “bots” or “zombies” that can be controlled remotely by an attacker. Botnets are often used to carry out cyber attacks, such as spamming, distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, and data theft. The Amadey trojan can also download additional malware. and exfiltrate user information to a command and control (C2) server. Moreover, it can engage the victim’s system. The threat actor sent spam emails that reference a package or shipment. Many of the emails claim in the subject line that the package or shipment is from the shipping company DHL. For example, “You have a package coming from DHL.” The bodies of all of the emails we observed in this campaign are blank. Each email has a ZIP attachment containing a Visual Basic Script (VBS) file. Each file name for the ZIP files is a series of numbers separated by an underscore, such as 044450_64504154.zip. The VBS files have the same name as their ZIP file, except they have the VBS extension rather than the ZIP extension.
Amadey has been observed targeting a wide range of organizations, including government agencies, financial institutions, and technology companies. The Amadey botnet is a sophisticated and flexible threat that poses a significant risk to organizations and individuals. To defend against Amadey and other botnets, it is important to keep software up to date, follow best practices for cybersecurity, and to use a combination of security tools and services.