Rewterz Threat Alert – ‘Cable Haunt’ Modem Flaw Leaves 200 Million Devices at Risk

Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Severity

High

Analysis Summary

Security researchers have disclosed serious flaws in hundreds of millions of cable modems that they say could be exploited without leaving a trace. The researchers say the flaw exists in middleware built into chips manufactured by semiconductor giant Broadcom that are widely used in cable modems. Due to a websocket implementation flaw, devices that are only exposed to a local network could still be remotely exploited by attackers via a buffer overflow. The buffer overflow flaw exists in the Broadcom chip’s spectrum analyzer, which is meant to identify problems with a cable connection, such as interference. In addition, they report having found other flaws that attackers could also use, including the ability to conduct DNS rebinding – manipulating the resolution of domain names – and to make direct JavaScript requests to devices, aided by hardcoded access credentials built into many cable modems.

CVE-2019-19494

Broadcom based cable modems across multiple vendors are vulnerable to a buffer overflow, which allows a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code at the kernel level via JavaScript run in a victim’s browser.

CVE-2019-19495

The web interface on the Technicolor TC7230 STEB 01.25 is vulnerable to DNS rebinding, which allows a remote attacker to configure the cable modem via JavaScript in a victim’s browser. The attacker can then configure the cable modem to port forward the modem’s internal TELNET server, allowing external access to a root shell.

Attack Flow:
First, access to the vulnerable endpoint is gained through a client on the local network, such as a browser. Secondly the vulnerable endpoint is hit with a buffer overflow attack, which gives the attacker control of the modem. Once attackers gain control of the modem, they could abuse it in multiple ways:

DNS: Attackers could change the default DNS server, allowing them to eavesdrop on all traffic.
MiTM: Man-in-the-middle attacks could be launched against modem users.
Flash: Attackers could swap out or flash the firmware on devices, as well as disable ISP upgrades.
Configure: Every configuration file or setting could be altered.
SNMP: Attackers could alter simple network management protocol information, which is used to monitor device performance and status.
MAC: All MAC addresses associated with the modem could be changed.
Serial numbers: Attackers could alter serial numbers.
Zombie: Vulnerable devices could be pressed into service as “zombie” nodes in a botnet.
Even if your modem is not in the list below, it could still be vulnerable. Many other modems are also vulnerable other than the ones mentioned below.

Impact

  • Remote Code Execution
  • Security Bypass
  • Data Manipulation

Affected Vendors

  • Sagemcom
  • Technicolor
  • NETGEAR
  • COMPAL

Affected Products

  • Technicolor TC7230 STEB 01.25
  • Sagemcom F@st 3890 prior to 50.10.21_T4
  • Sagemcom F@st 3890 prior to 05.76.6.3f
  • Sagemcom F@st 3686 3.428.0
  • Sagemcom F@st 3686 4.83.0
  • NETGEAR CG3700EMR 2.01.05
  • NETGEAR CG3700EMR 2.01.03
  • NETGEAR C6250EMR 2.01.05
  • NETGEAR C6250EMR 2.01.03
  • COMPAL 7284E 5.510.5.11
  • COMPAL 7486E 5.510.5.11

Remediation

Only Five ISPs have reportedly patched all vulnerable devices they’ve issued to customers: 

  • TDC
  • Stofa
  • Get AS
  • Telia 
  • Com Hem / Tele2

Given below is a Github vulnerability test that can be used by network administrators and cable modem users to evaluate whether their device is at risk.

https://github.com/Lyrebirds/cable-haunt-vulnerability-test

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